Ruger 10/22 Carbine Semi-Auto Rimfire Rifle


.22 Long Rifle
Barrel Length
Stock Color
Round Capacity
Gun Weight
7.6 lbs.



Ruger 10/22 Carbine Rifle– The Ruger® 10/22® is one of the most popular, and widely used rimfire rifles in the US. And justifiably so—the 10/22 has had a solid reputation for reliability and accuracy for over 50 years, making it a favorite for target shooting, plinking, and small game hunting. The standard 10/22 Carbine comes with a hardwood stock, a blued barrel, and a satin black finished receiver. The 10/22 utilizes a blowback semi-auto action, and a 10-shot rotary magazine, both of which are legendary for reliability. The hammer-forged barrel locks into the receiver by a unique 2-screw, V-block system that provides unsurpassed accuracy for a mass-produced rimfire rifle. The Carbine model comes with a fine, gold bead front sight and an adjustable, folding rear sight. The included scope base screws onto the drilled and tapped receiver, and is compatible with both Weaver®-style and 3/8″ tip-off scope rings. An extended magazine release allows for rapid reloading. The short and light 10/22 Carbine handles incredibly well by adult and youth shooters alike. The popularity of the Ruger 10/22 has led to a myriad of after-market 10/22 accessories, making it one of the most customizable firearms ever made. The Ruger 10/22 Carbine is an indispensible, go-to firearm for any American serious about shooting, training, self-defense, or hunting. Made in USA.

Hardwood stock and blued barrel
Reliable blowback semi-auto action
10-shot rotary magazine
Hammer-forged barrel
Gold bead front sight
Folding rear sight
Includes scope base
Ruger 10/22 Carbine: The Original Review


There are two general types of cal. .22 rimfire rifles in use-the precision target rifle and the sporting rifle. The Ruger Model 10/22 semi-automatic carbine is in the latter class. Chambered for the .22 long rifle cartridge, regular or high velocity, it is designed for small–game hunting and informal target shooting.

Action is of blowback-operated type, fed by a unique 1 0-shot detachable rotary magazine. In blowback-operated arms, the bolt is held shut by its inertia and pressure of closing spring. In the Ruger Model 10122 carbine, hammer pressure against rear of bolt also retards opening of the breech. Ruger 10/22 Carbine Rifle

Barrel is attached to receiver by V-block retainer (arrow) and two longitudinal screws. Bottom of barrel is slotted to engage upper arm of V-block.

The blowback system is feasible in .22 rimfire arms because of the low power of the cartridges used. It eliminates manual operation of the breech mechanism in loading the chamber, and extraction and ejection of the fired case are done automatically. In semi-automatic arms such as this, the gun fires with each pull of the trigger. A disconnector in the trigger mechanism prevents firing of more than one shot with a single trigger pull.

Externally the Ruger Model 10/22 carbine resembles the Ruger semiautomatic cal. .44 Magnum carbine introduced in 1961. However, their operating mechanisms differ greatly. Receiver and trigger guard of the Model 10/ 22 carbine are made from lightweight alloy die castings.

The steel barrel is attached to the receiver by an ingenious V -block arrangement and 2 longitudinal screws, which draw the barrel up tightly against the receiver face. (The barrel tenon is not threaded into the receiver.) This is a semi-permanent attachment, and removal of the barrel from the receiver is not recommended in routine cleaning.

Box magazine shown here loaded is readily disassembled for cleaning. Spring (arrow) should not be removed from rotor when cleaning magazine.

One of the more interesting features of this gun is its detachable box magazine. Outer casing of the magazine is plastic, but the magazine throat is a steel investment casting. A spring-driven plastic rotor in the magazine moves the cartridges into feed position. Rotor spring pressure is light, and cartridges can be loaded into the magazine with surprisingly little effort. Disassembly of the magazine for routine cleaning is simple. Ruger 10/22 Carbine Rifle

The maker suggests that this be done after firing 500 rounds or so, since accumulated powder residue may interfere with proper functioning. To avoid trouble in reassembly, the magazine rotor spring should not be detached from the rotor. Procedure for retensioning the rotor spring is given in the direction sheet furnished with the gun.

Base of the inserted magazine lies flush with front end of the trigger guard, a design feature enhancing the clean lines of this gun. The magazine is removed by depressing a thumb latch in the front end of the trigger guard. The user soon acquires the knack of depressing the magazine latch and removing the magazine with one hand.

Magazine latch (a) and bolt latch (b) are thumb-operated. Safety is sliding cross-bolt in guard loop.

For reasons of safety a latch is provided to hold the bolt open. This latch is also in the forepart of the trigger guard and is operated with the thumb. In use, the bolt is retracted and the latch is then depressed to engage it. The latch must be depressed again to release the bolt; it does not release automatically by manual retraction of the bolt as in certain other arms.

This is an additional safety feature preventing inadvertent release of the bolt and subsequent loading of the chamber if the gun is dropped or jarred. In NRA test, butt of the gun was struck several times against an asphalt-tiled concrete floor, but the latch did not jar off.

Safety is of trigger-locking type with sliding cross-bolt in front portion of the guard loop. When button is in fire position, a red warning line around the button is exposed. Safety cannot be operated unless lock mechanism is cocked. Bolt can be retracted to unload chamber when safety is engaged. The trigger guard assembly is detached from the receiver by drifting out 2 pins. Bolt is retained in the receiver by the bolt stop pin which spans rear of the receiver. Removal of this pin is not recommended. Bolt and interior of receiver are exposed sufficiently for cleaning when trigger guard assembly has been detached. Ruger 10/22 Carbine Rifle

The bolt strikes the bolt stop pin at the end of its rearward travel. A horizontal groove in the rear face of the bolt has a camming surface which tips end of the bolt down slightly when it impacts against the bolt stop pin. This cushions blow of the bolt against the pin and also causes it to rebound sharply.

The delay factor introduced by this action gives the fresh cartridge adequate time to rise into the magazine feed lips. Otherwise, as it returns to battery, the bolt could override the cartridge in the magazine. Tension of the magazine rotor spring can be light by reason of this delay factor. This eases insertion of cartridges into the magazine.

The barrel is chambered tightly to reduce blowback of powder gases and burning powder grains around the side of the cartridge case in extraction. This can be annoying in blowback-operated arms, especially when the ejection port is on the right side of the receiver and the shooter fires from the left shoulder. Barrel and action assembly is secured in the stock by a barrel band and a screw entering bottom of the receiver. Receiver is bedded full length in the stock.

There is no recoil lug, but rear face of receiver abuts the stock mortise. The trigger guard tang has a firm bearing against the stock. Barrel is bedded in the stock at the fore-end tip. The stock is dense-grained, oil-finished American walnut with full fore-end and pistol grip. The curved, rifle-style steel buttplate is secured to the stock by large screws in toe and upper tang. Proportions of the stock are excellent.

A total of 1,200 rounds was fired in the main series of functioning tests. Six makes and 15 brands of standard-velocity and high-velocity ammunition were used. There were no malfunctions. This is exemplary performance considering that neither the gun nor its magazine were cleaned or lubricated during test. Accuracy firing was done from machine rest at 50 ft. with both match-grade and high-velocity ammunition. Ruger 10/22 Carbine Rifle

It is perhaps handicapped by its open sights, but receiver is drilled and tapped for standard telescope mounts. Trigger pull is about 7 lbs., but let-off is crisp after initial slack is taken up. Finish on wood and metal parts is above average. Receiver, trigger guard, and barrel band are anodized matte black. Barrel and buttplate of the 10/22 are blued.



The Ruger 10/22 is one of the most prolific rifles in the United States (outside of the M1 Garand), entering the market in 1964. The Ruger 10/22 is a semi-automatic, rimfire rifle they chambered in the 22 long rifle cartridge. Since it’s inception, the Ruger 10/22 has become the go-to rifle for beginners and experienced shooters.

The Ruger 10/22 has 14 different variations that span a wide variety of accessories and configurations. This includes models they chambered in 17 HMR, 22 WMR, and most commonly the 22LR. The 22LR variant is the only model still in production as of 2016.

Ruger built the Ruger 10/22 in many versions, including the traditional rifle variant and a pistol variant. Also, there is an integrally suppressed version and a takedown model. There are variants of the 10/22 platform to anything you may need from a rimfire rifle.


The Ruger 10/22 is a semi–automatic rifle, meaning you fire one shot per pull of the trigger. The weapon feeds from a unique rotary-style box magazine. And the magazine ranges from 10 to 25 rounds. This rotary magazine allows for a high capacity with a reliable feed system. However, the rimmed design of the Ruger 10/22 doesn’t lend itself well for magazines. Ruger 10/22 Carbine Rifle

In fact, for some time, single stack magazines were the only magazines that reliably ran in rifles and handguns. But, the Ruger 10/22 rotary magazine proved to be reliable, easy to load and can remain loaded indefinitely. The layout of the Ruger 10/22 is traditional. Also, a variety of different barrel lengths are available.

Overall, the weapon tends to be extremely lightweight and has a short length of pull. The charging handle is on the right side of the weapon. And the rifle uses a unique magazine release. Also, the ergonomics of the rifle are easy to understand and use. They lend themselves well to shooters of all sizes, including young shooters. The Ruger 10/22 includes simple open sights. Lastly, they also designed the 10/22 to make it easy to attach an optic, too.


The Ruger 10/22 is one of the best beginner’s rifles out there. Because they mass-produce it, the Ruger 10/22 rifle is widely available, too. Also, it’s an affordable rifle with new models running at approximately $200. And the Ruger 10/22 design is perfect for beginners. The mass popularity makes it easy and affordable to find accessories like magazines, scopes, and slings.

The Ruger 10/22 features a rimfire 22 cartridge. The 22 LR round is affordable with the ability to purchase a brick of 500 rounds for less than $30 on average. This allows a beginner to purchase a substantial amount of ammunition without breaking the bank. Ruger 10/22 Carbine Rifle

Also, the 22 LR ammunition is notoriously anemic when it comes to recoil. They designed the 22 LR largely for target shooting and hunting game like squirrels and rabbits. The recoil of the round is low, so the smallest of shooters can utilize it without flinching or fearing recoil. The Ruger 10/22 is easy to control because it has absolutely zero muzzle rise.

And when you fire 25 round mag dumps as fast as possible, you can still stay on target. So, even beginners will shoot better from the start. The Ruger’s semi-automatic action makes it possible to just dump lead into a target safely. Just dumping lead isn’t good for anything other than making noise, but it is undeniably fun.

When beginners catch onto the fun aspect of firearms, they’ll want to shoot more. And more practice helps them develop their skill-based shooting skills. The Ruger 10/22 is lightweight, which makes it easier for shooters of smaller stature to control the rifle accurately and confidently. The 10/22 rifle is the perfect size for shooters both big and small. Ruger makes some great beginner handguns too, like the Ruger SR 22.


The Ruger 10/22 is one of the most affordable rimfire rifles, as well as one of the most expensive rimfire rifles at the same time. Because of the difference in variations, the price is quite variable. For example, an integrally suppressed model with a match grade barrel, which is also a takedown rifle can cost upwards of $1,000. But a base model can cost around $250.

Also, the takedown variant, which breaks into two pieces for easy carry, is also around $250. Custom-built sports models for precision shooting can the most expensive Ruger 10/22s of all. However, the base model Ruger 10/22 can do about 98 percent of what any shooter will ever need a 22 to do. And the base model, carbine and some takedown models are quite affordable and easy to find. Ruger 10/22 Carbine Rifle


When they originally designed rimfire rounds, it was a time when the revolver and manual action rifle ruled the day. So, they didn’t build them as rapid-firing, semi-automatic weapons. This often leads to unreliable semi-automatic 22s without certain ammunition. This issue was especially true in 1964 when they presented the Ruger 10/22.

However, since then 22 LR rifles have noticeably become much, much better. The reason they’ve had to become to better is that the Ruger 10/22 found a method to make it work. Ruger implemented one of the first reliable semi-automatic rimfire rifles, so everyone else had to struggle to compete. In the time of mass production when the big gun companies were slipping in quality, the Ruger has remained the go-to rifle.

The 10/22 can handle any standard ammunition and is outstanding in accuracy, ejection, extraction, and feeding from magazines. The Ruger rifle can also handle more power than average rounds like the CCI mini mags and Federal automatch rounds. The Ruger can even digest subsonic ammunition and cycle without issue.

The only ammo that doesn’t function reliably with the Ruger is the oddball 22 LR rounds that don’t hold powder. However, these types of rounds are boutique and not useful. One of the keys to the 10/22’s reliability is the rotary magazine system. The rotary magazine is bulky but functions well. It’s one of the few systems that can hold more than 10 rounds and reliably function.


The Ruger 10/22’s accuracy varies widely between the different models of the 10/22. The Bull barrel that’s match-grade is more accurate than the standard barrel. However, this is only critical for people who measure shot groups in a hundredth of an inch. The standard barrel profile is accurate enough for most new shooters. This is especially true for new shooters. Ruger 10/22 Carbine Rifle

The rifle features a crisp trigger that’s comfortable, yet light and short. This trigger of the 10/22 lends itself well to accuracy. The shorter a trigger pull is, the less of a chance you have of throwing a shot. The light nature of the trigger makes it comfortable to shoot repeatedly for long periods of time while maintaining accuracy.

The simple sights are effective for shooting small targets at under 50 yards. It’s easy enough to pick off soda cans at 50 yards in the prone position. Out to 25 yards it in a standing position it is easy to keep a tin can dancing as you rapidly fire at it.

Tossing an optic on your rifle will leave you with an accurate rifle out to a hundred yards. The Ruger 10/22 is well suited for informal competitions, but you can tune it to be a competitive precision rifle.


The Ruger 10/22 has a massive accessory market. With all the available accessories, you can fundamentally change your rifle. In fact, you can customize the Ruger 10/22 so extensively, all you may have left is the original receiver. You can swap stocks, barrels, scopes and much more. Ruger 10/22 Carbine Rifle

Some owners have transformed their rifles into the exact models they wanted. You can even take the stock standard configuration Ruger rifle and turn it into a bullpup configuration just by swapping stocks.


Many people consider the Ruger 10/22 as the American rimfire rifle. It is an icon that families pass from one generation to the next. New shooters looking for their first rifle will be well served by the Ruger 10/22.

Even after a beginner shooter becomes experienced, the Ruger 10/22 will serve them well as a rimfire rifle. Lastly, be sure to follow the basic gun safety rules closely, so you’ll enjoy your rifle with care.


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